Selecting the perfect surface
Discover the fundamental properties of different materials through this compact guide. For a more comprehensive and detailed approach to selecting the perfect material, please click here.
Granite is most commonly used in kitchens, bathrooms, and outdoor areas because of its durability and low maintenance requirements. Granites typically show small flecks or grains of minerals uniformly distributed throughout the stone. Some “exotic granites” will have veining patterns similar to marbles.
Marble is a type of metamorphic rock that is formed from limestone. It is known for its beautiful veining and luxurious appearance. Marble is a softer material than granite and is susceptible to scratches and stains. It is commonly used in bathrooms, foyers, and other areas where a luxurious aesthetic is desired.
Quartzite is generally harder and more dense than granites with patterns that can resemble the veining found in many marbles. Quartzite is resistant to chemicals, stains and scratches and is remarkably resiliant. It’s an ideal choice for high-traffic areas such as kitchens and floors. Note: Quartzite should not be confused with manufactured quartz-based materials.
Quartz is a man-made material that is comprised of crushed quartz crystals, resins and binders that are compressed and then baked into a slab. Quartz is non-porous and does not need to be sealed. It’s very durable – stain, scratch and heat resistant – and is great for high traffic areas. Note: Quartz should not be confused with natural quartzite.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock that is made up of calcium carbonate. It is a softer material than granite and is susceptible to scratches and stains. Limestone is commonly used in bathrooms and other low-traffic areas because it is not as durable as other natural stone materials.
Travertine is formed in mineral springs, and is a form of limestone that is less dense and softer
than traditional limestone. Because travertine is softer and more sensitive to acids than granite, marble, and limestone, many people opt to use it for areas such as bathroom vanities, residential flooring, shower walls, and wall applications.
Other natural stones available – check your local branch for details.